Bamboo is native to China and has many types, adaptability and wide distribution. In China, mainly distributed in the south, like Sichuan, Hunan, etc., they have the panda family and the bamboo forest deep in the story. There are a total of 1200 species in 70 species in the world, which are abundant in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions.
China is one of the countries with the most bamboo production in the world. There are 22 genus and more than 200 species distributed throughout the country. The Pearl River Basin and the Yangtze River Basin are the most. The north of the Qinling Mountains has less rainfall and low temperatures. Only a few short bamboos grow.
Bamboo is one of the forest resources. There are more than 1,200 species of bamboo plants in the world, mainly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions, and a few bamboos are distributed in temperate and frigid zones. Bamboo is a light-rooted plant of evergreen (a few bamboo species in the dry season). It has high requirements for hydrothermal conditions and is very sensitive. The water-heat distribution on the surface of the earth dominates the geographical distribution of bamboo.
Southeast Asia is located in the tropics and south subtropics. It is also affected by the monsoons of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It has abundant rainfall and stable heat. It is an ideal ecological environment for bamboo growth and the center of bamboo distribution in the world. Bamboo often forms mixed forests with other tree species, and it is under the main forest layer and has rarely received much attention in the past. When the upper forest is cut down, the bamboo quickly recovers into a secondary bamboo forest with the characteristics of fast growth and strong fertility. The use of bamboo is expanding and the economic value is high. People plant bamboo and afforestation to form artificial forests. The secondary bamboo forest and artificial bamboo forest spread and expanded around with its powerful underground stems. Therefore, in recent decades, the forest area on the surface of the earth has been decreasing year by year (according to statistics, since 1988, tropical forests have lost an average of 24.25 million hm per year, disappearing 46.14 hm per minute), while the area of bamboo forests has been expanding. At present, the area of bamboo forests around the world is about 22 million hm. The geographical distribution of bamboo in the world can be divided into three major bamboo areas, namely the Asia-Pacific bamboo area, the American bamboo area and the African bamboo area. Some scholars also list the “European and North American introduction areas”.